What Did the Cross Achieve?

The question "What Did the Cross Achieve?" can elicit a range of answers depending on whether one is interested in models of atonement, personal and social transformation, or shaping a host of areas ranging from prayer, to piety, to liturgy. I suspect, however, that most readers are interested in which of the models/modes of atonement is the fairest of them all. Is it penal substitition, healing, demonstrating divine love, moral influence, restorative justice, Christus Victor, or whatever.

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